THE SCHOOL SYSTEM
Chile has one of the best education systems in Latin America. Since 2003, education has been compulsory up to the age of 18. The State manages schooling and public education, but there is a choice between public and private education. The vast majority of Chileans go to public school (93%) while a minority go to private education (7%), which is considered to be of better quality.
The school is organized into several levels:
- Parvularia (nursery and kindergarten equivalent), from 0 to 6 years old. In 2013, President Sebastián Piñera’s government passed a law making the last year mandatory in order to attend primary school.
- Educación General Basica (basic primary education) corresponds to primary to 4th grade in France.
- Educación Medida (secondary education) has been compulsory and free of charge since 2003. It includes four levels from 14 to 18 years old.
At the end of secondary school, students take the final exam: the Prueba de Selección Universitaria (PSU).